Modern Dental Clinic provides best TMJ treatments with excellent results along with top class quality. Kerala is the most visited place for Medical & Dental tourism from all parts of the world. In Kerala, the cost
of TMJ Disorder Treatments are comparatively less than other nationalities. The Health care system and management of Kerala plays a vital role in it. Most of the TMJ problems occur due
to different combination factors like genetics, major jaw injury, Malalignmentment of Teeth like
Deep Bite, Crossbite, chewing on one side, Bruxism, Abnormal Frenal Attachments etc. TMJ
Disorders can also be due to Condylar bony change, Disk Displacement, Excessive mouth opening,
painful teeth, missing teeth, Osteoarthritis, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Stress Related Clenching or
Tightening of the Facial Muscles, Faulty Dental Treatments, Abnormal Frenal Attachments etc.
If anyone feels any of these difficulties it is necessary to consult a TMJ specialist orTMJ dentist in the early stages itself. After being diagnosed with TMJ or TMD disorder the patient should take care of their dental and overall health. TMJ disorders may lead to various health problems if not treated on time. Support of a professional TMJ dentist or TMJ specialist is required to diagnose it early.
TMJ The Temporomandibular Joint
TMJ, The Temporomandibular Joint is a Diarthrodial joint. It is the only joint in the body
that has both rotational and sliding movement. It is very important that the Right and the
Left Temporomandibular Joints functioning simultaneously. The opposing components,the upper jaw and lower jaw, both carry teeth whose shape and position influence the
movements of the TMJ, the only joint in the body with a rigid endpoint of closure.
ETIOLOGY OF TMJ DISORDER
TMJ specialist diagnose the problem, which starts with following parameters :
An Occlusal Prematurity ( could be missing tooth, a painful tooth, faulty crown, dislodged
filling, unerrupted tooth especially wisdom tooth with pain and inflammation, faulty
orthodontic treatments, malalignment of teeth, clenching of teeth, improper dental
prosthesis) etc can create a Noxious Proprioceptive Signal in turn creates an Avoidance
Conditioning Response resulting in change in position of the jaw so that the painful stimuli
is avoided while in function results in Muscle Hypertonicity leading to TMJ disorder
INTRA- ORAL SIGNS
Excessive wear of Teeth, Crowding, Bicuspid Drop-Off, Midline Discrepancy Lingual Inclination of Lower Teeth, Buccal Exostoses, Tongue Thrust, High Palatal Vault, Narrow Arches, Abfraction, Depressed Curve Of Spee, Attrition, Palatal / Lingual Tori and Lateral Scalloping Of Tongue, Abrasion.
EXTRA ORALSIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
Headaches, Migraines, Pain in the TMJ area, Restriction in Mouth Opening, Deviation in
Mouth Opening, Pain in the Temporalis Muscle, Masseter Muscle, Lateral Pterygoid,
Medial Pterygoid, Digastric, Sternocleidomastoid, Stylohyoid, Trapezius, Scapula,
Scalene, Restriction in Neck Movements, Pain Around the Eye, Facial Hypertrophy, Facial
Rotation, Eye Canthus Level Tilt, Head Tilt, Shoulder Droop, Arms Overturned, Hip-Shift,
Foot Pronation / Inversion and Forward Head Posture.
TMJ dentist or specialist provide the following treatment :
TENS THERAPY, MANDIBULAR KINESIOGRAPHY, ORTHOTIC THERAPY, DTRDISCLUSION TIME REDUCTION, NEUROMUSCULAR ORTHODONTICS, PROSTHETIC
BUILD UP INCORPORATING DSD – DIGITAL SMILE DESIGNING
Unlike the freely available Medical Tens Unit the Neuromuscular Tens Units have a
Patented Technology. The Neuromuscular Tens devices disperse Ultra Low Frequency with
ANTI- DROMIC ( through Neural Mediation ) Bilateral Simultaneous Pulses at 1.44 seconds
Intervals. That means that instead of a Single Muscle getting Twitched ( Relaxation by Low
Frequency Pulsing ), all Muscles supplied by the nerve getting Pulsed, attains Isotonicity.
FOUR THERAPEUTIC OBJECTIVES OF TENS NEUROMUSCULAR THERAPY
Restore normal blood flow to muscles.
Eliminate sources of Nerve and Vascular Entrapments.
Eliminate Myofacial Triggers.
Restore Postural Integrity
KINESIOLOGY is defined by Webster’s dictionary as the ‘’ study of the principles of
mechanics and anatomy in relation to motion. Mandibular Kinesiology is the tracking and
analysis of mandibular movements to describe locomotor events. Mandibular
Kinesiograph is a system that senses the spatial location of a permanant magnet mounted
on the mandibular front teeth with a medical adhesive temporarily. The system does not
alter proprioceptive input either by interfering with occlusal plane or by limiting the normal
range of JAW movements.
The past 10 years has seen an explosion of Electronic Bio Medical Technology based on
Computer Technology. The introduction of the MODEL K6 DIAGNOSTIC SYSTEM was the
FIRST COMPUTER BASED MANDIBULAR TRACKING SYSTEM that integrated
ELECTROMYOGRAPHIC (EMG) capabilities. Now the much more advanced K7
DIAGNOSTIC SYSTEM is used. The ability to collect large amounts of information about
patient history and clinical findings and correlate with Computer Mandibular Tracking and
Electromyographic data was a breakthrough in TMJ disorder treatments.
With the Biomedical technology available, the TMJ Dentist can avoid building a restoration into
an existing bite that may be perpetuating the existing pathology. If the patient has occlusal
signs, such as excessive wear of teeth, crowding of lower anterior teeth, faceting or other
self destructive forces, the patient’s Musculature should be Deprogrammed and a starting
reference from rest should be recorded for determining whether the existing bite position
is contributing to the pathology.